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Cognitive stimulation therapy improved cognition and quality of life in dementia

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 Q In people with dementia, does cognitive stimulation therapy (CST) improve cognition and quality of life?

Clinical impact ratings Mental health ★★★★★★☆ Geriatrics ★★★★★☆☆


Embedded ImageDesign:

randomised controlled trial.*

Embedded ImageAllocation:


Embedded ImageBlinding:

blinded (outcome assessors).

Embedded ImageFollow up period:

7 weeks.

Embedded ImageSetting:

23 day centres and residential homes (with ⩾15 people in each) in the UK.

Embedded ImagePatients:

201 people (mean age 85 y, 79% women) who met DSM-IV criteria for dementia, scored 10–24 on the Mini-Mental State Examination, were able to communicate, had sufficient vision and hearing to participate and use material in a group, and did not have major physical illness or disability.

Embedded ImageInterventions:

CST (n = 115): fourteen …

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  • * See glossary.

  • For correspondence: Dr M Orrell, University College London, London, UK.

  • Sources of funding: NHS London Regional Office Research and Development Programme and Barking, Havering and Brentwood Community NHS Trusts.

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