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Review: medical therapies are less effective than surgery for anal fissure
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 Q In patients with anal fissure, what is the efficacy and associated morbidity of various medical therapies compared with surgery, other medical therapies, or placebo?

Clinical impact ratings GP/FP/Primary care ★★★★★★☆ Surgery ★★☆☆☆☆☆

METHODS

Embedded ImageData sources:

PubMed (1966 to May 2003), Cochrane Library (May 2003, issue 2), Cochrane Colorectal Cancer Group specialised trials register (May 2003), proceedings of relevant meetings (past 3 y), reference lists of all included reports, and selected authors of published reports.

Embedded ImageStudy selection and assessment:

randomised trials in any language that compared non-surgical therapy with surgery, an alternate medical therapy, or placebo in adults or children with chronic or acute anal fissure. Exclusion criteria: studies of atypical fissures associated with inflammatory bowel disease, cancer, or anal infection. Data were …

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