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Review: prophylactic use of vitamin D reduces falls in older persons
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 Q In older persons, is prophylactic use of vitamin D effective for preventing falls?

Clinical impact ratings GP/FP/Primary care ★★★★★★☆ IM/Ambulatory care ★★★★★★☆ Geriatrics ★★★★★☆☆

METHODS

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Medline and the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register (January 1960 to February 2004), EMBASE/Excerpta Medica (January 1991 to February 2004), and the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research conference abstracts (1995–2002). Bibliographies of relevant studies were reviewed and experts in the field were contacted for unpublished studies.

Embedded ImageStudy selection and assessment:

randomised controlled trials (RCTs) that compared prophylactic use of any type of vitamin D with a control condition in community dwelling or institutionalised older persons (mean age of study participants had to be ⩾60 y). Studies were also required to have a methods section that stated how falls (the outcome) were defined and ascertained. After the selection process, study quality …

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