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Randomised controlled trial
Sugar and warmth additively decrease pain in newborns getting vaccines
  1. John W Harrington
  1. Children's Hospital of The King's Daughters, Norfolk, Virginia, USA
  1. Correspondence to: Dr John W Harrington, Children's Hospital of The King's Daughters, 601 Children's Lane, Norfolk, VA 23507, USA; John.Harrington{at}

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Sucrose as an analgesic has been well studied in the newborn and infant population undergoing brief noxious stimuli such as vaccines or heel sticks.1 Providing additional, non-pharmacological, therapeutic options to create a synergy with the sucrose has been considered in other studies.2 Breast feeding, which supplies the sweetness of sugar (breast milk) and skin-to-skin contact, has been thought to provide radiant body heat.3 ,4 The authors of this study draw on their previous work of using radiant heat as an analgesic for infants undergoing vaccination and hypothesise that pairing this …

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  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Commissioned; internally peer reviewed.