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Emergency care
Cross-sectional study of loss of life expectancy at different ages related to firearm deaths among black and white Americans

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  • Contributors BK and SG conceived the study. YZ and BK obtained data. MAV, YZ and BK performed data analysis. All authors wrote and finalised the manuscript.

  • Funding National Institute of Justice, Department of Justice, 2017-IJ-CX-0018.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent Not required.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data sharing statement All data used in the study are available online and can be downloaded from the CDC website (

  • Author note The data used are secondary data.

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