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Ten papers for teachers of evidence-based medicine and health care: Sicily workshop 2019
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  1. David Nunan1,2,
  2. Adrienne Lindblad3,
  3. Indah S Widyahening4,
  4. Wanderley M Bernardo5,
  5. Ching-Chi Chi6,7,
  6. Fiona Cowdell8,
  7. Karen Becker9,
  8. Shadia Constantine10,
  9. Christine East11,
  10. Hilde T Myrhaug12,13,
  11. Susanne Grødem Johnson14,
  12. Edmund Jack15,16,
  13. Rachel Thompson17,
  14. Haris Achilleos18,
  15. Rigmor C Berg19,
  16. Anne Kristin Snibsøer20,
  17. Lucian Puscasiu21,
  18. Marie-Louise EL Bartelink22,
  19. Petra G van Peet23,
  20. Franco Berti24,
  21. Julie Tilson25,
  22. Kari AO Tikkinen26,27,
  23. Loai Albarqouni28,
  24. Peter Hoegen29
  1. 1Primary Care Health Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
  2. 2Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
  3. 3Alberta College of Family Physicians (PEER) and the Department of Family Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
  4. 4Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, Indonesia
  5. 5Faculty of Medicine, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
  6. 6Department of Dermatology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taoyuan, Taiwan
  7. 7College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan
  8. 8School of Nursing and Midwifery, Faculty of Health, Education and Life Sciences, Birmingham City University, Birmingham, United Kingdom
  9. 9Family and Social Medicine, Montefiore Medical Center, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York, USA
  10. 10Internal Medicine, Sapporo Tokushukai Hospital, Sapporo, Japan
  11. 11School of Nursing and Midwifery & Mercy Health, La Trobe University College of Science Health and Engineering, Bundoora, Victoria, Australia
  12. 12Division For Health Sciences, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway
  13. 13Faculty of Health Sciences, Oslo Metropolitan University, Oslo, Norway
  14. 14Department of Health and Functioning, Faculty of Health and Social Sciences, Western Norway University of Applied Sciences, Bergen, Norway
  15. 15Yealm Medical Centre, Yealmton, UK
  16. 16PenARC (NIHR) Applied Research Collaboration (ARC) South West Peninsula, Exeter, United Kingdom
  17. 17Office of Medical Education, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
  18. 18Paediatrics, Royal London Hospital Barts Health NHS Trust, London, UK
  19. 19Reviews and Health Technology Assessments, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway
  20. 20Health and Caring Sciences, Faculty of Health and Social Sciences, Western Norway University of Applied Sciences, Bergen, Norway
  21. 21University of Medicine Pharmacy Science and Technology of Targu Mures, Targu Mures, Romania
  22. 22General Practice, Julius Centre, UMC Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands
  23. 23Public Health and Primary Care, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands
  24. 24Gruppo Italiano per la Medicina Basata sulle Evidenze (GIMBE), Bologna, Italy
  25. 25Division of Biokinesiology and Physical Therapy, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA
  26. 26Departments of Urology and Public Health, University of Helsinki and Helsinki University Hospital, Helsinki, Finland
  27. 27Department of Surgery, South Karelia Central Hospital, Lappeenranta, Finland
  28. 28Institute for Evidence-Based Healthcare, Faculty of Health Sciences and Medicine, Bond University, Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia
  29. 29School of Health and Social Care, Avans University of Applied Science, Breda, The Netherlands
  1. Correspondence to Dr David Nunan, Primary Care Health Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 2JD, UK; david.nunan{at}phc.ox.ac.uk

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Introduction

A previous article sought to signpost papers that were considered helpful when starting on the journey of practicing evidence-based medicine (EBM).1 The lead author was invited to run a workshop at the Eighth Conference of the International Society for Evidence-Based Health Care run in collaboration with the Gruppo Italiano per la Medicina Basata sulle Evidenze from 6 November to 9 November 2019. The aim of the workshop was to challenge a group of teachers and educators to consider useful papers for the teaching of EBM/evidence-based healthcare (EBHC). The second aim was to start a database of such studies. The third aim was to share learning and foster discussion from the workshop through journal publication. EBM and EBHC are used interchangeable throughout this article.

Article selection process

Working in eight small groups (three to five people), teachers and researchers of EBM/EBHC (n=29) first listed any articles that they considered useful for new teachers starting out their teaching journey. So that the challenge also acted as learning for the participants, they were deliberately not briefed on the full nature of the workshop (eg, the consideration and selection of specific articles). After 15 min, each group spent another 10 min selecting their top three articles from their original list (if this list had more than three papers). This was followed by another 5 min selecting their final article to put forward for this paper consensus and any disagreements resolved via discussion. Groups had to provide the following information for each paper: authors; year of publication; title; reason(s) for inclusion; link to paper/reference. Learning from previous experiences, the workshop lead (DN) instructed that a group could not select an article for which a group member was an author thus avoiding one possible source of conflict. As a group we felt that this specific rule of the article selection process …

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