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Ten years later: a review of the US 2009 institute of medicine report on conflicts of interest and solutions for further reform
  1. Trevor Torgerson1,
  2. Cole Wayant1,
  3. Lisa Cosgrove2,
  4. Elie A Akl3,
  5. Jake Checketts1,
  6. Rafael Dal Re4,
  7. Jennifer Gill5,
  8. Samir C Grover6,7,8,
  9. Nasim Khan9,
  10. Rishad Khan6,7,
  11. Ana Marušić10,
  12. Matthew S McCoy11,
  13. Aaron Mitchell12,
  14. Vinay Prasad5,13,14,
  15. Matt Vassar1
  1. 1Office of Medical Student Research, Oklahoma State University Center for Health Sciences, Tulsa, Oklahoma, USA
  2. 2Department of Counseling Psychology, University of Massachusetts Boston, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
  3. 3Department of Internal Medicine, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon
  4. 4Epidemiology Unit, Health Research Institute-Fundación Jiménez Díaz University Hospital, Universidad, Autónoma de Madrid, Madrid, Spain
  5. 5Division of Hematology Oncology, Knight Cancer Institute, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, Oregon, USA
  6. 6Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
  7. 7Division of Gastroenterology, St Michael's Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
  8. 8Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
  9. 9Division of Rheumatology, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, Arkansas, USA
  10. 10Department of Research in Biomedicine and Health, University of Split School of Medicine, Split, Croatia
  11. 11Department of Medical Ethics and Health Policy, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
  12. 12Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York, USA
  13. 13Department of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, Oregon, USA
  14. 14Senior Scholar in the Center for Health Care Ethics, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, Oregon, USA
  1. Correspondence to Mr Trevor Torgerson, Oklahoma State University Center for Health Sciences, Tulsa, Oklahoma, USA; trevor.torgerson{at}okstate.edu

Abstract

Conflicts of interest (COIs) in healthcare are increasingly discussed in the literature, yet these relationships continue to influence healthcare. Research has consistently shown that financial COIs shape prescribing practices, medical education and guideline recommendations. In 2009, the Institute of Medicine (IOM, now the National Academy of Medicine) published Conflicts of Interest in Medical Research, Practice, and Education—one of the most comprehensive reviews of empirical research on COIs in medicine. Ten years after publication of theIOM’s report, we review the current state of COIs within medicine. We also provide specific recommendations for enhancing scientific integrity in medical research, practice, education and editorial practices.

  • conflict of Interest
  • evidence-based practice
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Footnotes

  • Twitter @ColeWayant_OK, @ana_marusic

  • Contributors All authors were equal contributors in design, writing and editing. All authors are equally the guarantors of the integrity of this review.

  • Funding This study was not funded, but the authors declare the following interests. VP reports receiving royalties from his book Ending Medical Reversal, an advance for the forthcoming book Malignant: How Bad Policy and Bad Evidence Harm People With Cancer; that his work is funded by the Laura and John Arnold Foundation, that he has received honoraria for Grand Rounds/lectures from several universities, medical centres, nonprofit groups, and professional societies, and is a writer for Medscape. VP is host of Plenary Session podcast, which has Patreon backers. AM is the recipient of a 2018 research abstract award from the Conquer Cancer Foundation, which was partially funded by Merck. SG has received research funding from AbbVie, Jansen, Takeda, and Procter and Gamble, consulting fees from AbbVie, Merck and Takeda, and has ownership shares in Volo Healthcare. RK has received research funding from Abbvie, Pendopharm, and Ferring. MV reports receipt of funding from the National Institute on Drug Abuse, the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, the US Office of Research Integrity, Oklahoma Center for Advancement of Science and Technology, and internal grants from Oklahoma State University Center for Health Sciences—all outside of the present work. MM’s spouse is employed by the Leukemia and Lymphoma Society.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent for publication Not required.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data availability statement Data sharing not applicable as no datasets generated and/or analysed for this study.

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