Objectives This study aimed to gather and synthesise educational strategies that can improve teaching and learning of evidence-based medicine (EBM) in the workplace, and make them concrete by listing ideas for implementing these strategies. Insight into current workplace-based EBM teaching and learning in general practice was the starting point to generate these strategies and ideas.
Design Exploratory, qualitative focus group study, applying the consensus method of the nominal group technique.
Setting Postgraduate medical education; general practitioner (GP) specialty training at University Medical Centre Utrecht, the Netherlands
Participants 33 GPs and 17 GP trainees, divided in four focus groups. Using opportunistic sampling, participants were selected from the GP workplace because of their role as supervisor or trainee.
Main outcomes An overview of educational strategies and ideas on how to implement these strategies in the workplace, followed by the participants’ global ranking of the most useful ideas.
Results The supervisors and trainees generated a list of educational improvement strategies that can be applied in learning conversations, while observing each other’s consultations, and in (multidisciplinary) learning opportunities in the workplace. Table 1 presents the educational strategies and suggestions for implementing them. Ideas regarded as most useful include taking turns to conduct consultations and observing the other, holding a structured, in-depth discussion after observation, preparing and discussing articles found in relevant journals and on-the-spot searching for relevant evidence during learning conversations.
Conclusions Participants provided an extensive list of educational strategies and ideas on how to implement EBM learning in daily practice. As a great deal of GP training takes place in clinical practice, supervisors and trainees could apply the suggested ideas to enhance EBM teaching and learning in the workplace.
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Contributors LW and M-LB moderated the focus groups and performed the first analyses. All authors agreed on the final analysis and contributed to the writing of the manusript.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Patient consent for publication Not required.
Ethics approval Approval for the research project as a whole was granted by the Ethical Review Board of the Dutch Association for Medical Education.
Data availability statement Data are available on reasonable request.
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