Summary estimates of the diagnostic accuracy of point of care dipstick urinalysis for detecting proteinuria*

Level of urine dipstick (number of studies)Pooled estimates
Sensitivity (95% CI)Specificity (CI)+LR−LR
*Reference standard cut point was 300 mg/24 hours. Diagnostic terms defined in glossary.
⩾1+ (visual) (6)55% (37 to 72)84% (57 to 95)3.5 (1.7 to 7.3)0.60 (0.45 to 0.80)
⩾1+ (automatic) (1)82% (71 to 90)†81% (71 to 89)†4.3 (2.8 to 6.6)0.22 (0.14 to 0.36)