Positive v negative status on the spinal manipulation clinical prediction rule in patients with low back pain

InterventionFollow upDifference in modified Oswestry Disability Questionnaire (ODS) score change* (95% CI)p Value
*Higher ODQ scores represent larger improvements in disability.
†Not significant.
Manipulation plus exercise1 week15.0 (8.5 to 21.5)<0.001
4 weeks15.2 (7.1 to 23.3)<0.001
Exercise alone1 week−1.9 (−8.6 to 4.9)>0.2†
4 weeks6.5 (−1.8 to 14.8)0.127†