Surgical v medical treatment for complicated gastro-oesophageal reflux disease†

Outcome during 140 monthsSurgicalMedicalRBR (95% CI)‡NNH (CI)‡
Survival60%72%20% (0.5 to 33)7 (5 to 283)
Outcomes at mean 10 yearRRR (CI)NNT (CI)
†RBR = relative benefit reduction. Other abbreviations defined in glossary; RBR, RRR, NNH, NNT, and CI calculated from data in article.
‡Calculated by using Cox proportional-hazards data.
Any antireflux medication62%92%33% (17 to 50)4 (3 to 7)
Proton pump inhibitor use32%64%49% (21 to 70)4 (3 to 9)
Histamine-2-receptor blocker use41%65%37% (8.7 to 60)5 (3 to 20)