Table 3

Perceived knowledge gaps, as identified through inductive coding

Category nameExamplen (%) of questions
1Checking more specifically on one aspect of current evidence on a common problem (staying up-to-date—focused)Is there any evidence to support the recommendation to avoid sex with a diagnosis of placenta praevia?34 (27.0)
2Checking claims/evidence about a relatively new test or treatmentEvidence for FMT (faecal matter transplant) in treating ulcerative colitis22 (17.5)
3Evidence for complementary and alternative therapiesDoes fish oil prevent heart disease?22 (17.5)
4Checking broadly on guidelines and recommendations on a common topic (staying up-to-date—broad)Which migraine prophylaxis medication is most effective?13 (10.3)
5Application of evidence in a specific population subgroup or settingWhat is the effectiveness of antiviral medications in preventing complications in patients with influenza at low and high risk of complications?13 (10.3)
6Evidence about stopping treatments (including safety and minimising harms)Do we need to stop metformin for patients with diabetes?7 (5.6)
7Evidence for practice processesWhat are patients’ views and emotional reactions to health professionals looking up resources during consultations?5 (4.0)
8Checking on the safety or harms of a test or treatmentAdverse effects of proton pump inhibitors4 (3.2)
9Evidence about lifestyle choicesDoes exercise reduce the risk of cancer?3 (2.4)
10Education (eg, clinical teaching, learning EBM skills)What personal qualities and behaviours do patients, medical students and trainees/registrars highly rate in their GP or their GP supervisor?2 (1.6)
11Checking the evidence about a less frequent conditionSurgery versus other treatments for trigger thumb1 (0.8)
Total125 (100%)
  • GP, general practitioner.