Table 2

Recipients of Prevention of Future Deaths (PFDs) reports involving COVID-19 in England and Wales between 1 January 2020 and 28 June 2021 and their response rates (created by the authors)

AddresseeNumber of PFDs sentNumber of responses*Response rate (%)
NHS organisations221045
Trusts5240
NHS England4250
NHS Hospitals4375
CCGs300
Health and Social Care Partnerships2150
NHS Pathways†11100
Ambulance services11100
GPs200
Government11764
Public Health England33100
Department of Health and Social Care2150
Local authorities3267
COVID-19 Pandemic Response Service†11100
Secretary of State of Health100
Ministry of Defence100
Professional bodies4250
CQC22100
General Pharmaceutical Council100
MHRA100
Other6350
Care homes/providers22100
Water board100
National Park100
Legal100
Pharmacy11100
  • *Recipients of PFDs have 56 days from the date of the report to respond to the coroner under Regulation 29 of the Coroners (Investigations) Regulations 2013.

  • †NHS Digital responded on behalf of NHS Pathways and the COVID-19 Pandemic Response Service.

  • CCG, Clinical Commissioning Group; CQC, Care Quality Commission; GPs, general practitioners; MHRA, Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency; NHS, National Health Service.