Table 2

Additive CNMA results (components of interventions preventing fall-related fractures)

ComponentAbbreviationlogRR (95% CI)RR (95% CI)
assistAssistive technology0.51 (0.06 to 0.95)1.66 (1.07 to 2.59)
briskBasic falls risk assessment−0.13 (−0.49 to 0.23)0.88 (0.61 to 1.26)
envirEnvironmental assessment and modifications0.17 (−0.38 to 0.73)1.19 (0.68 to 2.07)
exercExercise−0.19 (−0.44 to 0.07)0.83 (0.64 to 1.07)
nutrFluid or nutrition therapy0.07 (−0.51 to 0.64)1.07 (0.60 to 1.90)
medMedication−0.17 (−0.57 to 0.24)0.85 (0.56 to 1.27)
hypotManagement of orthostatic hypotension0.01 (−0.73 to 0.74)1.01 (0.48 to 2.10)
incontManagement of urinary incontinence0.79 (−0.45 to 2.02)2.20 (0.64 to 7.57)
non_ph_pboΝon-pharmacological placebo0.00 (−0.83 to 0.83)1.00 (0.44 to 2.30)
ph_pboPharmacological placebo−0.26 (−0.68 to 0.16)0.77 (0.51 to 1.17)
psychPsychological interventions−0.31 (−1.03 to 0.41)0.73 (0.36 to 1.50)
qualtQuality improvement strategies−0.31 (−0.69 to 0.07)0.73 (0.50 to 1.07)
socialSocial engagement1.09 (−0.24 to 2.43)2.98 (0.79 to 11.31)
surgSurgery−0.52 (−1.33 to 0.29)0.60 (0.26 to 1.34)
  • CNMA, component network meta-analysis; logRR, log (risk ratio); RR, risk ratio.