Table 1

The CARE-radiology checklist

DomainItem no.ItemWhere item is reported*
Title1aThe diagnosis or phenomenon of focus should appear in the title
1bThe diagnostic method(s) should be included in the title, such as CT and MRI
1cThe words ‘case report’ should be included in the title.]
Keywords2aKeywords (3–6) should be presented that identify the study as a case report, along with the relevant diagnoses and diagnostic test or approach
2bKeywords should avoid general and plural terms and multiple concepts; Medical Subject Headings terms or International Classification of Diseases 11th Revision disease categories are suggested; only use abbreviations firmly established in the field
Abstract3aThe abstract should describe what is unique about this patient and what it adds to the scientific literature
3bThe abstract should outline the main imaging features of the patient and the diagnostic and prognostic value of any new technologies
3cThe abstract should detail one or more ‘take-away’ lessons from the case report
Introduction4The introduction should outline the context for the case report and provide a brief background, such as the epidemiology or characteristics of the disease. It should also briefly summarise why this case is unique
Patient information5aThe relevant demographic and physical characteristics of the patient should be reported
5bThe primary symptoms of the patient as well as their medical and family history should be reported
Clinical course6aThe course of the disease and any treatments that may alter the imaging presentation should be reported. If the patient has multiple imaging examinations, the time point of each imaging examination should be presented
6bThe timelines of the disease course and imaging examinations should be reported
Diagnostic assessment7aDiagnostic methods (physical examination, pertinent laboratory testing and other imaging) should be reported
7bDiagnostic challenges should be reported, when applicable
7cDiagnostic reasoning including any differential diagnoses should be reported
7dSurgical and pathological diagnosis results should be presented when applicable
7eIf the diagnosis is beyond the scope of radiologists, diagnoses made by other medical providers should be reported, along with how the radiologists validated such diagnoses
7fThe report should describe relevant prognostic characteristics, such as tumour staging and genotype
Imaging findings8The report should describe the essential imaging findings, including the typical features and key image identification points
Image details9aPatient identifiers (names and hospital name) should be removed to ensure anonymity
9bThe report should indicate the contrast agent and details of the equipment, parameters, software and settings used to acquire the image(s)
9cThe resolution and any magnification of the image(s) or any modifications/enhancements (eg, adjustments for brightness, colour balance, magnification, image smoothing and staining) should be described in the text or legend
9dMarkers/labels should be used to identify the key features in the image(s), and they should be defined in the legend or as a footnote, if such information is indicated
9eThe specialists’ profession, years of work experience and whether they have been trained should be reported
9fIf authors used AI tools for image interpretation or analysis, a disclosure and details of the use of AI-related tools should be provided
Follow-up and outcomes10The clinician-assessed and patient-assessed outcomes as well as important adverse and unanticipated events from the imaging procedure or from any treatments should be reported, if such information is known
Discussion11 aThe rationale for the authors’ conclusions should be provided
11bA discussion of the relevant medical literature should be provided
11 cThe strengths and limitations of the authors‘ approach to this patient should be provided
11dThe applicability of the case to other persons, populations, settings, etc should be discussed
11eThe implications for practice, education and research should be described
Conclusions12The key messages or lessons should be presented
Patient perspective13The patient’s perspective on the examination(s) they received should be reported, if such information are available
Informed consent and ethics14 aPatients‘ informed consent for the imaging procedure and the case report publication should be reported
14bEthics approval for publication of the case report should be reported
Funding15Sources of funding, other support (such as supply of instruments and equipment) and the role of funders should be reported
Conflict of interest16A summary of any conflicts of interest of all authors should be provided
  • *In this column, the user indicates where the information relating to that item are found in the publication. If the information are not found, indicate ‘Not reported’.