Table 4

Representation of the SDM effect in the entire hospital via linear regression

InstrumentPICSPDM
Data setAB
Model 1
coeff. (SE)
Model 1
coeff. (SE)
Model 1
coeff. (SE)
Model 1
coeff. (SE)
Timepoint (T0=reference)
 T1 0.30 (−0.07)***0.27 (−0.07)***0.20 (−0.06)***0.20 (−0.06)***
Age (18–40 years=reference)
 41–600.21 (−0.14)0.06 (−0.10)
 >600.28 (−0.14)*0.13 (−0.09)
Gender (female=reference)
 Male0.00 (−0.07)0.03 (−0.06)
Highest school-leaving qualification (elementary school leaving certificate or lower=reference)
 Secondary school leaving certificate0.13 (−0.09)0.12 (−0.07)
 Vocational baccalaureate/A-levels0.04 (-0.09)0.13 (-0.07)
Constant0.16 (−0.05)**0.03 (−0.15)0.09 (−0.04)*0.10 (−0.10)
 R2 0.0220.0310.0100.018
 Adjusted R2 0.0210.0230.0090.013
 n T0 361329706646
 n T1 440400581527
 n overall8017291.2871.173
  • *p<0.05, **p<0.01, ***p<0.001.

  • PICSPDM, Patient Decision Making subscale of the Perceived Involvement of Care Scale; SDM, shared decision-making.